Pizarro was a known conquistador of Spain who started out as one of the crew Bartolome Ruiz controlled. Later in life he would be the one to conquer the greatest empire South America and perhaps the world had ever known. He would also come to found a significant place in the brilliant country of Peru. In the year of 1475, Pizarro was born as an illegitimate child in Trujillo, Spain meaning that his parents were not married. We can compare his situation to Leonardo da Vinci’s situation. His father worked in a branch of the army as the royal captain while his mother was poor. He was raised by his mother’s poor family. Pizarro lacked a good education but that didn’t reduce his talent. At the age of 28 in 1503 he left home to head for Hispaniola to join his brother and father who were already there. Hispaniola was a Spanish port in the New World (the Americas). In 1509 he left this island to his first expedition of the Caribbean coast of northern South America and southern Central America.
Pizarro was also the chief lieutenant of Balboa when he crossed the Isthmus of Panama to become the first European to reach the Pacific Ocean to the New World. That is how he became a wealthy and powerful citizen of Panama. It was partially his father’s recommendations, partially his successful journey with Balboa, and partially his sheer talent that caused him to be picked for the voyages that made him famous. The success of Pizarro’s first voyage earned him a good name and he went under Ruiz. They had all heard great tales about a rich Indian Empire somewhere south. They went off to look for it. Ruiz and Pizarro became the first Europeans to sail north to south over the equator. The climax point of their expedition came when Ruiz’s crew spotter a strange raft. This craft had a thatched hut to shelter passengers in the back. At the sight of the Spanish ship some of the men on board jumped into the open water. Some however stayed and they communicated with Ruiz in sign language.
The inhabitants of the elegant raft told him that they were traders from the coast who were sailing to a large city called Tumbes that had supposedly conquered the whole world. This wooden raft had a great deal of gold and showed the wealth of this powerful city. This is how Ruiz and Pizarro became the first Europeans ever to come across people of the Incan Empire. Ten years forth Pizarro would conquer the great Empire that was said to outshine the world. Pizarro was anxious to get find the rich kingdom so he made the first expedition to find it in 1524. Diego de Almagro and Hernando de Luque managed Pizarro’s great many voyages and helped him. The first voyages down the Pacific Ocean were a nightmare. Things from bad weather and Indian attacks plagued the horrible trips and kept him from reaching the Incan Empire in the place we now know as Peru.
In 1527, Pizarro reached the coast of Columbia which has little god. Then Pizarro traveled to the South of Columbia as far as Equador and reached Peru. Pizarro’s long expeditions and hard work had finally paid off. They saw the great amount of gold that the Inca Empire contained. In a general sense the group of Spanish men like De Soto that were led by Pizarro discovered the Inca Empire. The Inca Empire was really strong and Pizarro realized that the Spaniards couldn’t take over it. Pizarro went to Panama where most of Pizarro’s crew stayed to get an army. Pizarro and twelve other men proceeded to go to Peru where other Spaniards joined them. That is when a major civil war broke out in the Incan Empire between Atahuallpa and Huáscar who were half-brothers. Atahuallpa killed Huáscar and won the war but the Incan Empire was definitely shaken. Pizarro took advantage of this situation and he used treachery to take Atahuallpa captive. Pizarro invited the unsuspecting Atahuallpa for dinner and then captured him to gain control. Atahuallpa offered ransom for his release but Pizarro made off with that wealth and killed Atahuallpa. Pizarro literally destroyed the Inca Empire and then founded Lima which he called the City of the Kings.
King Charles I appointed Pizarro the governor of Peru when they returned to Spain. Basically Pizarro found the Incan Empire and then destroyed it because of his greed. He also founded Lima as the capital of Peru. He was known for 3 famous expeditions, one with Balboa to the Pacific Ocean, the second with Ruiz to go north to south over the equator, the last mission included many voyages to find and conquer the wealthy Inca Empire. Near the beginning of his career as a conquistador he traveled along the Caribbean coast of northern South America and southern Central America on one of his first expeditions. Pizarro went on many voyages and some of them were small while some of them made him famous. On his most important voyage he found the gold, silver, and wealth that the Inca Empire possessed. These treasures made him really wealthy but they put him on the greed-driven Pedro de Almagro’s hit list. He was assassinated in Lima, Peru on 26 June, 1541. Pizarro was responsible for the end of the Incan Empire and for conquering Peru to put it under the Spanish rule. Pizarro’s journey can be contemplated in a negative way but it can also be thought of as the discovery that made the European aware to the great land of Peru and its riches. Pizarro’s expedition was extremely crucial to the European history.